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Tue, 28 March 2017
1 Nisan 5777
April 22 - 30, 2016
14-22 Nissan 5776
What Is on This Page
Here are some quick links to what is on this page. It is chock full of great resources!
Permitted Foods without labels
Permitted Foods that MUST have Kosher for Passover labels
Medication on Passover
Passover Observances 5776
Burning of Hametz (Siyum B'chorim)
Friday morning, April 22: starting at 7:00AM; Latest time to eat Hametz 10:37AM; Latest time to Burn Hametz 11:45AM.
First Seder is Shabbat
Friday, April 22
Candlelighting is 7:25PM
Saturday, April 23
Candlelighting is after Shabbat ends 8:26PM
Services for Passover begin at 10:00AM on the following days:
Saturday, April 23 (Day 1)
Sunday, April 24 (Day 2)
Friday, April 29 (Day 7)
Saturday, April 30 (8 with Yizkor)
Note: Passover Ends on Saturday night, April 30 at 8:33PM. Those who have sold Hametz through PSJC should not use it until 9:33PM at the earliest.
Kashering Your Home
Kashering Utensils,Serving Pieces and Appliances
It is easiest to replace utensils and dishes used during the year with special Passover-only items. This is clearly not possible in all cases. There is a process for kashering many, but not all, kitchen items, making them Kosher for Passover.
The process by which utensils must be kashered is determined by how the utensils are used. According to halachah, leaven can be purged from a utensil by the same process through which it was absorbed into the utensil. Therefore, utensils used for cooking are kashered by boiling, those for broiling are kashered by fire and heat, and those used only for cold foods are kashered by rinsing. Anything that can not be kashered should be cleaned and placed in separate, locked cabinets and "sold" as part of mechirat Hametz.
Ceramic Dishes (earthenware, stoneware, china, pottery, etc.) can not be kashered. However, fine translucent china which has not been used for over a year may be used if scoured and cleaned in hot water. The china is then considered pareve and may be designated for meat or dairy use.
Metal pots, silverware and utensils (wholly made of metal and not used for baking) Those used for cooking or eating (silverware, pots) must be thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned, left untouched for 24 hours, and then completely immersed in boiling water (hag'alah) and finally rinsed in cold water. Pots should have water boiled in them which will overflow the rim.
Purely metal bakeware used in fire or in an oven must first be thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned and then subjected to direct fire (libbun). This can be done by placing the item in a self-cleaning oven and sending it through the self-clean cycle or by using a blowtorch (a potentially dangerous procedure that may cause discoloration or warping of the metal item being prepared). Use Caution When Performing Libbun! Metal baking pans and sheets cannot be kashered for they require libbun, which will cause warping.
Plastic items generally may not be kashered. If they can withstand very hot water and do not permanently stain, they may be koshered by hag'alah (boiling).
Glassware has two options for kashering. Drinking glasses or glass dishes used only for cold foods may be kashered by simple rinsing. Some follow the custom of soaking the glass in water for 3 days, changing the water every 24 hours.
Glass Dishes used for eating and serving hot foods are to be treated like any dish used for eating and serving hot food. Kashering is effected by cleaning and immersing in boiling water (hag'alah)
Glass Cookware (Including Pyrex) is treated like a metal pot for kashering. One should clean it completely, wait 24 hours, then pouring boil water over it. Glass Bakeware may not be koshered.
Ovens and ranges: Every part that comes into contact with food must be thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned. Then, oven and range should be heated as hot as possible for an hour. If there is a broil setting, use it. The range top should be heated at maximum until the elements turn red and glow. The parts of the range top and the elements that can be covered should be covered (usually with aluminum foil). Self-cleaning ovens should be scrubbed and cleaned and then put through the self-cleaning cycle while empty. Following this, the oven should be cleaned again to remove any ash. Continuous cleaning ovens must be kashered in the same way as regular ovens. Convection Ovens are kashered like regular ovens. Be careful to clean it thoroughly around the fan.
Smooth glass-top electric ranges require koshering by libbun and iruy (pouring boiling water over the surface of the range top). First, clean the top of the range completely; then turn the coils on high until they are red-hot. Then carefully pour boiling water on the surface area, around the burners. The rangetop may now be used for cooking.
A microwave oven, which has no convection option, should first be thoroughly cleaned. Then, an 8oz cup of water should be placed in it and the oven turned on until the water nearly disappears (6oz or so). A microwave with a browning element can not be kashered.
Dishwasher: needs to be cleaned thoroughly, including the areas around the drainage and filters. A full cycle with detergent should then be run. Then the machine should not be used for a period of 24 hours, after which a full cycle should be run, with water only, at the dishwasher's highest temperature. If the sides of the dishwasher are made of enamel or porcelain, the dishwasher can not be kashered for Passover.
Electrical Appliances: If the parts that come into contact with hametz are metal and are removable, they can be kashered in the appropriate way. All exposed parts should be thoroughly cleaned. If the parts are not removable, the appliance can not be kashered.
Refrigerators and Freezers should be thoroughly cleaned with detergent. If there are places where food can be stuck, cracks or difficult corners to reach), these areas should be covered.
Tables, closets, and counters: If used with hametz, they should be thoroughly cleaned and covered, and then they may be used. Depending on the surface of the countertop, it may be possible to simply clean and pour boiling water on the surface to kasher.
Many countertop surfaces can be kashered simply by cleaning them, waiting for 24 hours, and then iruy (pouring boiling water over the surfaces). However, for iruy to be effective for kashering, the surface must have no hairline cracks visible to the naked eye. Plastic laminates, limestone, soapstone, granite, marble, glass, Corian, Staron, Ceasarstone, Swanstone, Surell, and Avonite surfaces can be kashered by irui. A wood surface that does not contain scratches may also be kashered in this fashion. Ceramic, cement or porcelain countertops can not be kashered by pouring water over the surfaces. A full list of counter materials that can be kashered for Passover may be found on the website of the Chicago Rabbinical Council (CRC). Contact Rabbi Carter if you have questions about your countertops.
Don't forget the Kitchen Sink: A metal sink can be kashered by cleaning it thoroughly, letting 24 hours pass during which only cold water is used, and then pouring boiling water over the entire sink, including the lip. A porcelain sink should be cleaned and a sink rack used. However, if dishes are to be soaked in a porcelain sink, a dish basin must be used.
Food at PSJC
PSJC will be Hametz free from the Thursday, April 21 until the conclusion of the holiday. During that time, ABSOLUTELY NO OUTSIDE FOOD will be allowed in the building. The kitchen will remain closed throughout Pesach.
Any food purchased for kiddush must go through the office.
Prohibited foods include the following:
Leavened bread, cakes, biscuits, crackers, pasta, cereal, coffee with cereal derivatives, and all liquids containing ingredients or flavors made from grain alcohol. These are foods generally made with wheat, barley, oats, spelt, and rye (grains that can become hametz). Any food containing these grains must be certified kosher for Passover.
Due to the complicated nature of food processing, many foods that might seem perfectly fine to eat during Passover instead contain trace amounts of hametz as additives or they were processed on machinery used with hametz. As a result of changes in the manufacture and production of foodstuffs, we must be careful not to assume that simply because an item did not require a hechsher in the past it does not need one this year. Likewise, something that did require a hechsher in past years, may be possible to eat even without a kosher for Passover label.
Kitniyot/Legumes: Many Ashkenazic rabbinical authorities have added the following foods (kitniyot) to the above list: rice, corn, soy, millet, legumes (beans and peas); however, even for those who prohibit kitniyot, string beans are permitted. For those who abstain from kitniyot during Passover, legumes and other plant foods (ie mustard, buckwheat, sesame seeds) are not permitted on Passover. As peanuts are not actually legumes, both peanuts and peanut oil are permissible. Commercial peanut butter usually contains additives and is not permissible.
Some Ashkenazic authorities permit and others forbid the use of legumes in a form other than their natural state, for example, corn sweeteners, corn oil, soy oil, ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Sephardic authorities permit the use of all of the above. Israeli products marked kosher for Passover often contain kitniyot. So those who do not eat kitniyot during Passover need to be particularly vigilant when purchasing Israeli products for Passover. Consult Page 7 of Rabbinic Assembly Guide for more inforamtion.
UPDATE: Please note that even though most Ashkenazic rulings state that while one cannot eat, own, or derive benefit from hametz, the prohibition against kitniyot ONLY applies to eating. Kitniyot need NOT be removed from one's home for Passover (even for those who refrain from consuming Kitniyot during Passover).
***This year, the Committee on Jewish Law and Standards of the Conservative movement passed 2 Teshuvot (Responsa), both of which argue that it is permissible to eat kitniyot on Passover (even for Ashkenazi Jews), one by David Golinkin and the other by Amy Levin and Avram Israel Reisner. Please note, the Teshuvah by Levin and Reisner has a number of caveats you might want to consider.
1. The pet is given, for the week of Passover, to a non-Jew who can feed it whatever food is available.
2. Feed the pet either Kosher for Passover pet food, pet food with no grains (just kitniyot) or table food.
3. Technically, you may allow your pet to be sold along with your hametz. Since the pet does not belong to the Jewish owner, regular pet food would be fed. If you choose this option, please include your pet in the document of sale of hametz. Keep the pet food away from the kitchen area. Be careful to wash pet utensils outside of the kitchen area (for example, in a bathroom sink).
Planning Your Seder for Ages 1 - 100
Pick a Haggadah that is accessible for those in attendance, including translation, transliteration, and even pictures when necessary.
If your Seder tends to include a lot of discussion and singing, consider expanding what you eat during carpas and having a whole plate of green veggies available that people can munch on!
If you have a child with special needs or a child with learning needs is attending your seder, consider downloading resources from Gateways. They have social stories, visual blessings, and a pictorial step-by-step seder guide.
Make sure you create a role for everyone in attendance. Whether it is sharing an English reading, asking the four questions, or even just helping serve a dish, the more involved your guests are, the more engaged they will be.
Use the resources on this page to find activities, readings, and more to add to your seder this year!